Frequently Asked Questions
A pediatrician can test vision as part of a child's medical examination. They may refer a child to an ophthalmologist (a medical eye doctor) if there is any sign of an eye condition. If a newborn is born at hospital, it is recommended that vision screening be done as part of discharge examination. Visual function (including ocular alignment, etc.) also should be checked by the pediatrician or family physician during routine well-child exams. If you suspect your child suffers from decreased vision - amblyopia (poor vision in an otherwise normal appearing eye), refractive error (nearsightedness or farsightedness) or strabismus (misalignment of the eye in any direction) - or if there are hereditary factors that might predispose your child to eye disease, please make an appointment with an ophthalmologist as soon as possible. New techniques make it possible to test vision in infants and young children. If there is a family history of misaligned eyes, childhood cataracts or a serious eye disease, preterm delivery, low birth weight, or maternal disease during pregnancy, an ophthalmologist should begin checking your child's vision at a very early age. It is also recommended to arrange for an examination of vision with an ophthalmologist at preschool age (4 - 5 years) even if everything seems OK with the vision of your child.